A Beginner’s Guide to Home Composting

Composting your kitchen and garden waste is a great way to reduce the amount you dispose of in your rubbish bin while helping Mother Nature at theRecycle same time. By composting your organic waste, you can generate a free source of rich compost to help improve your garden, and also help to reduce global warming in the process.

How does home composting help to reduce global warming?

When organic waste is sent to a landfill, it’s compressed with tons of other garbage. The organic waste doesn’t have enough access to air, which means it’s unable to decompose properly. Instead of decomposing, methane gas is produced, which contributes to global warming.

The Compost Bin

The first step to start composting at home is to get a compost bin. You can either purchase a compost bin or you can make your own. Compost bins can be bought from the majority of garden centers.

The next important step is to decide where to position the compost bin, which can affect the overall quality of the compost that is produced. For best results, place the bin in a well-drained area which has good access to sunlight. The drainage will enable excess water to drain out of the compost and placing the bin in a sunny spot helps to speed up the composting process.

What waste items can I put in my compost bin?

There are lots of everyday items from your garden and kitchen that can go into your compost bin. These are broken down into “greens” and “browns”. Greens are the type of items that provide moisture and nitrogen and are quick to decompose. Items classed as greens include

  • Grass cuttings
  • Vegetable peelings
  • Leaves
  • Fruits
  • Tea bags
  • Weeds

Browns are items that take longer to decompose but provide pockets of air, along with fiber and carbon. This includes items such as

  • Cardboard boxes
  • Newspapers (scrunched up)
  • Toilet roll tubes
  • Egg shells (crushed)
  • Shredded paper
  • Twigs and hedge clippings

How do I make good quality compost?

To make good quality compost it is important to use a mix of both green and brown wastes. It is simply a case of monitoring the compost and adding more waste depending on the look of the compost. For example, if it looks too dry add more green waste, and if it looks too wet add more brown waste. Every so often it is also a good idea to mix or turn the contents of your compost bin to add air.

How long will it take for my compost to be ready to use?

This will vary depending on the mixture of waste that is placed into the compost bin, the surrounding conditions and the weather. In general, it should take between six and nine months for your finished compost to be ready to use. Compost makes a great fertilizer or potting soil!

Whether you’re creating your own compost bin or just shutting off the lights to save energy, Community Bank encourages you to always keep the environment in mind. One of the ways you can help Mother Nature is by simply switching to e-Statements. Go online or contact your local branch to make the switch and save some trees.

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